Sex Offender Registry
Sex crimes are very serious, and if convicted, the punishment can be quite severe. Most sexual offenses fall under state jurisdiction, but some are the responsibility of the federal government. A national sex offender registry is a sex offender locator in your area. Check where are the sex offenders located before moving to a new place.
What is a Sex Offender
Individuals convicted of sex crimes are considered sex offenders and will end up on the national sex offender registry. Sexual assault is any physical undesired sexual contact, usually by force or coercion. Some of the felony crimes listed below surprisingly fall under sexual offense law:
Aggravated kidnapping is designated as a sexual offense when the victim is less than 18 years old and not the child of the offender. In that case, the person will end up in the sex offender list.
Aggravated Promotion of Prostitution
Aggravated promotion of prostitution is when the child is under the age of 18.
Incest falls under the sex offender rule if the child is below the age of 18 and the offender is at least three years older than the victim. Another situation where incest is considered a sexual offense is where the victim is 12 years old or younger and the offender is 18 years or older.
When the victim is younger than 18, and the offender is 18 or older. Another case is when it is the offender's third offense.
When the victim is younger than 18, and the offender is not a parent of the victim, a sex offender search is started.
The offender is 18 years or older and solicits a child of 12 or younger.
Promotion of Prostitution
Where the offender is 18 or older, and the child is 12 years old or younger.
Sexual Abuse of Children
This constitutes any sexual abuse of a child.
Sexual assault including rape, molestation, incest and other sexual conduct infractions.
Sexual Intercourse without Consent/Rape
Any sexual act that results in intercourse with someone who has not given their express consent.
When the victim is younger than 18, and the offender is not a parent of the victim.
Additionally, some states also consider violent offenses covered under the sexual offense law and offenders are required to be on the sex offender list. Some of those violent crimes are:
- Assault on a minor.
- Assault on a Peace Officer or Judicial Officer.
- Assault with a weapon.
- Deliberate Homicide.
- Operation of a clandestine laboratory.
- Assault on a family member or partner.
- Strangulation of a family member or partner.
Some state department of corrections assigns tier levels to sex offense crimes to assess the risk factor of repeat violations.
- Tier 1 - the risk of a repeat offense is low.
- Tier 2 - the risk of a repeat sexual offense is moderate.
- Tier 3 - the risk of repeat sexual offense is high, and the offender is considered a severe threat to the public.
How People Get on the Sex Offender List
There are quite a few instances where someone will end up on that list. Most of them are legitimate for sexual offense crimes they have committed and been convicted of in a U.S. court. However, there are other situations where people are required to register as a sex offender that may seem unusual. A few things that might seem innocent but can land you on the sex offender’s list are:
Naked photos - if you are a minor and take naked photos of yourself and post them anywhere online where someone else can view them, you could risk having your name on the offender list for a very long time. If the photos are viewed across state lines, you may be looking at federal crimes as well.
Patronizing a prostitute - to dissuade prostitution, now “johns” and people who pay for sex with a prostitute or illicit sexual favors for money are required to be registered.
Public urination - three states in the U.S. require sex offender registration for people who pee in public. In some cases, the offense must occur in front of a minor.
Flashing your breasts in public - in some states, California, in particular, considers flashing your breasts as indecent exposure and will land you on the sex offense registry.
Sex with a teenager - consensual sex between teenagers (age thirteen to seventeen) is illegal in 29 states and will land you on the list.
Hugging another child without their consent - can potentially land a child on the offender list.
Who is Considered a Sexual Predator?
A sexually violent predator or SVP is someone who has been convicted of a sexually violent crime. An SVP is also someone diagnosed with a mental illness or personality disorder, which presents a danger to the health and safety of others and must be confined in a secure facility.
The punishment for SVPs is extreme, and even after they have served prison time, they may continue to be sequestered away from the public because sexually violent crimes are considered to be more dangerous than other offenses.
How to Lookup a Sex Offender?
Due to the mental illness component, there are some specific commonalities that sexual offenders possess so that you can be on the watch to spot potential predators.
Few Adult Friends But Loves Kids
Most sexual predators are male, and they have few if any adult friends but they tend to relate to children better and form relationships with them quickly and easily.
Holds a Job Where He Can Be Near Children
Although not every sexual predator works at a school or a place where children congregate, it is quite common for a sexual predator to work in the public school system, as a bus driver or coach or even Boy Scout troop leader.
Flattering and Generous
Sexual predators may at first be generous with gifts and flatter their potential victims to gain trust and forge a close relationship.
Tries to Isolate You
Another possible indicator that someone may be a violent sexual predator is they try to isolate you and keep you all to themselves. Sometimes they even drive wedges between you and other people so you will “rely” on and trust only them.
Takes a Lot of Photos of Kids
Often sexual predators love taking photos of kids. Offenders could be a close friend of the family or even a family member. Keep an eye on obsessive behavior and monitor what you think is best.
A little common sense can go a long way in protecting your family members against sexual predators and offenders. Keep lines of communication open with family members and urge kids and teens to come forward with information if anyone is making them uncomfortable.