Missouri Court Records

What is Included in Missouri Public Court Records

Criminal Court Cases

Assault & Battery, Domestic Violence, Parole Violation, Probation Violation, Sexual Assault, Robbery, Manslaughter, Murder, Drug Offenses, And More...

Civil Court Cases

Bankruptcies, Legal Judgments, Lawsuits, Tax & Property Liens, Contract Disputes, Probates, Family Law, Small Claims, Evictions, And More...

Traffic Court Cases

Driving Under Influence, Driving While Intoxicated, Speeding Tickets, Traffic Citations, Reckless Driving, Driving Without a License, License Suspensions, Criminal Driving Violations, Accidents, And More...

Missouri Court Record Lookup

Missouri MO court records serve many purposes: individuals from Missouri may need them to collect court-ordered judgements, as proof that probation has been served, to establish custody, to clear a driving record, and more. They can be found by conducting a Missouri court records search online. MO court records include information about Missouri criminal records, civil and traffic cases, warrants and more.

Limited jurisdiction courts

Traffic tickets and violations of municipal ordinances are handled by municipal courts.

Specialized divisions of circuit courts have specific jurisdiction for drug offenses, family issues, juvenile cases, mental health cases, and teen/truancy issues. Limitations to public release of court records are outlined by confidentiality laws that restrict documents naming juveniles or victims of certain crimes.

Trial courts

There are 115 circuit courts across the state, one located in each county. These Missouri courthouses are the general trial courts for the state, handling cases from misdemeanors to criminal felonies, civil lawsuits, such as Missouri child support and custody cases and probate cases, which can be viewed via Missouri court case lookup. 

Over 350,000 cases were filed in circuit courts in a recent year, of them almost 47,000 felonies, over 118,000 traffic issues, and 103,000 domestic relations.

Appellate courts

An intermediate court of appeals hears disputes over lower court decisions in three regional circuits.

The state supreme court is the court of last resort with ultimate authority over lower court rulings as well as the following specific charges: the validity of a U.S. or state statute, state tax laws, the validity of an elected official, and the death penalty. In recent year the supreme court received 74 appeals and disposed of 57.

Federal courts

There is at least one federal district court in each state that is responsible for bankruptcy filings, class action lawsuits, violations of federal law, multi-state lawsuits, and more. Anyone can obtain Missouri court records online via Missouri court record lookup.

Missouri Notable Court Cases

Perhaps the most notable case to originate from Missouri's court system was that of Dred Scott v. Irene Emerson, in which a legally owned slave sued his owner for freedom in a Missouri court in 1846. Scott claimed he should be freed because he resided in a slave-free state. Emerson, his owner at the time, argued that under federal law Scott should remain a slave because he was born to slaves. Scott eventually lost the case due to a technicality, though Missouri was known for its sympathetic rulings in cases of slaves seeking freedom.

Later in 1847, Scott was granted a new trial, but due to continuances, health epidemics and appeals it did not start until 1850. The court eventually ruled against Scott, stating that he was still legally a slave. This led to the federal Dred Scott v. Sanford case, in which the U.S. Supreme Court made a decision that has been called "'the court's worst decision ever," stating that Scott and his family could not be American citizens or sue in a federal court.


Missouri Civil Case Statistics

Civil Caseload
Civil Caseload 254,728
Caseloads per 100.000 Population
Caseloads per 100.000 Population 4,181
Clearance Rate
Clearance Rate 97%
Small Claims Caseload
Small Claims Caseload 8,443

Civil Caseloads for Missouri, the sum of all civil cases reported by the state, account for 1,315,361 total cases at the year end of 2016, which makes it 4,181 cases per 100.000 population.

The clearance rate for the state is about 97% which makes up by dividing the outgoing to incoming civil cases and expressing the result in a percentage.

Civil Court Incoming & Outgoing Cases 2012-2016

The number of civil court caseloads in 2016 has decreased since 2012, being 254,728 vs. 293,833, which is by 13.3 % lower than 5 years ago. The same picture is seen with clearance rates, it’s lower compared to 2012, by 15.5% being 247,014 compared to 292,412.

State Small Claims & Rates Timeline

Year: Small Claims Max. Limit Small Claims Caseload per 100.000 Population Percent of Total Civil Caseload

The caseload for small claims has decreased since 2012, going from 10,976 cases a year to 8,443 of 2016. The maximum limit of small claim charges has stayed the same at $5,000 in 2016 compared to the $5,000 that was registered 5 years ago.

Accordingly the small claims rate has decreased- 139 cases per 100 000 population compared to the 182 of 2012. The total percentage of civil caseloads accounts 11.5% for the state of Missouri for 2016.

Criminal Caseloads by Type

Criminal Caseloads for Missouri sum in 222,995 cases at the year end of 2016 which has a share of 52% of misdemeanor and 48% of felony charges. Total criminal cases have decreased in Missouri compared to the criminal caseload of 2012 - 226,852 cases. Felonies and misdemeanors have changed since 2012 by -4% and +2% accordingly.

The Proportion of Felony and Misdemeanor Caseloads

Criminal Incoming Court Cases by type 2012-2016

Criminal Caseloads Timeline

Domestic Relations Caseloads & Clearance Rates

The state’s domestic relations caseload has counted 117,946 cases which is 1,936 court cases per 100.000 population. It has decreased since 2012, the difference in caseloads is 8,941 for the last 5 years, being 126,887 in 2012.

Find Missouri Courthouses

State Court Holidays

Holiday: Date:
New Year's DayMonday, January 1, 2018
Martin Luther King, Jr. DayMonday, January 15, 2018
Lincoln Day Monday, February 12, 2018
Washington's BirthdayMonday, February 19, 2018
Truman DayTuesday, May 8, 2018
Memorial DayMonday, May 28, 2018
Independence DayWednesday, July 4, 2018
Labor DayMonday, September 3, 2018
Columbus DayMonday, October 8, 2018
Veterans Day (Observed)Monday, November 12, 2018
Thanksgiving DayThursday, November 22, 2018
Christmas DayTuesday, December 25, 2018

Supreme Court Caseloads & Clearance Rates

Court of Appeals Caseloads