After becoming a U.S. territory in 1850, New Mexico Mounted Police were established in 1905. New Mexico then became a state in 1912, and this law enforcement agency continued to provide the main source of public safety in the state.
In 1933, after highways connected New Mexico to neighboring states, the legislature established a motorized patrol to enforce traffic and motor vehicle laws in the state. The majority of these officers patrolled the highways via Harley Davidson motorcycles.
Divisions of New Mexico Police
The New Mexico State Police is a division of the Department of Public Safety. Other divisions in the department include Motor Transportation Police, Law Enforcement Academy and Special Investigations. Bureaus of the New Mexico State Police specifically include: Investigations, Special Operations, Uniform and Dispatchers.
There are two zones in the State Police Investigations Bureau. These officers primarily investigate and prevent crimes in the state. This bureau also conducts investigations and oversees the crime scene team, online predator unit and analytical unit.
New Mexico State Police Special Operations include the following: crash reconstruction unit, aircraft unit, canine unit, clandestine lab team, crime scene unit, criminal investigation section, emergency response team, honor guard, motorcycle unit, search and recovery dive team and tactical team.
The Uniform Bureau divides the state into 12 districts, each with one commander and main community post, where the public can interact with the officers and seek assistance and information in matters of law enforcement.
Requesting New Mexico Police Records
The Law Enforcement Records Bureau is located in the Department of Public Safety's main office in Santa Fe. This office can help find information on sex offenders, missing persons, obtaining fingerprint cards, concealed handgun carry permits and criminal history checks. The State of New Mexico does not allow anyone to obtain police records concerning another party. The New Mexico Arrest Record Information Act states that individuals may only review records concerning him/her.