Legislation to establish the New Jersey Police was first drafted in 1914, but in 1921 was passed into law. 1600 applicants vied for the 120 positions available at the time, and only 81 men passed the rigorous testing and three-month training program. Troopers were dispatched to their first posts across the state in December of that year on horseback and via motorcycle in the midst of a snowstorm.
Divisions of New Jersey Police
As a part of the Department of Law and Public Safety, the New Jersey State Police have three major branches of operations: Administration, Homeland Security, Investigations and Operations.
The Administration Branch includes Human Resources and support staff that aids the police in day-to-day operations. Homeland Security includes emergency management and special operations to thwart terrorist threats and public safety threats, including those of natural disasters.
The Operations Branch includes Field Operations and the Traffic and Public Safety Office. This encompasses the majority of uniformed officers on the ground, enforcing state laws and responding to emergencies and daily offenses. The Traffic and Public Safety Office focuses on enforcing motor vehicle laws and traffic laws.
The Investigative Branch includes Intelligence and Criminal Enterprise, Office of Forensic Sciences and Special Investigations. Intelligence and Criminal Enterprise in comprised of five bureaus throughout the state, focusing on violent and organized crime, counter terrorism and official corruption.
There are four state labs in the Forensic Sciences, which conduct tests on evidence, toxicology, drug analysis, DNA testing, forensic anthropology, alcohol and drug testing, forensic photography and composites and ballistics.
New Jersey State Police's Special Investigations Section focuses on high tech crimes, regulatory and investigative services, casino gaming and other major crimes in the state.
Requesting New Jersey Police Records
New Jersey criminal records are available only to the person named in the record and government agencies in most cases. A name-based check may be conducted online, but it may only be for purposes of screening a potential volunteer unless you are a licensed private investigator registered with the state.