The county of Giles is located in and was founded in 1806| named for=William Branch Giles. There are 16,708 residents in Giles who have access to courthouses in Pearisburg. In general, each county has a full set of courts, from traffic court to superior and appellate court; supreme courts are usually located in the state capital. is part of the 4th federal circuit court as well.
There are 2,786 residents in Pearisburg, which is 3.1 square miles and 1,808ft above sea level.