The county of Jefferson is located in and was founded in 1837. There are 254,308 residents in Jefferson who have access to courthouses in Beaumont, Groves, Nederland, Port Arthur, Port Neches. In general, each county has a full set of courts, from traffic court to superior and appellate court; supreme courts are usually located in the state capital. is part of the 5th federal circuit court as well.
There are 118,296 residents in Beaumont, which is 85.9 square miles and 16ft above sea level. It was settled in 1835 and is governed by a Council-Manager local government.
There are 16,144 residents in Groves, which is 5.2 square miles and 10ft above sea level.
There are 17,547 residents in Nederland, which is 5.7 square miles and 16ft above sea level. It was settled in 1897 and is governed by a Council-Manager local government.
There are 57,755 residents in Port Arthur, which is 143.8 square miles and 7ft above sea level.
There are 13,601 residents in Port Neches, which is 9.2 square miles and 16ft above sea level.