The county of Deaf Smith is located in and was founded in 1890. There are 19,372 residents in Deaf Smith who have access to courthouses in Hereford. In general, each county has a full set of courts, from traffic court to superior and appellate court; supreme courts are usually located in the state capital. is part of the 5th federal circuit court as well.
There are 15,370 residents in Hereford, which is 5.8 square miles and 3,816ft above sea level.