The county of Jackson is located in and was founded in 1851. There are 40,271 residents in Jackson who have access to courthouses in Sylva. In general, each county has a full set of courts, from traffic court to superior and appellate court; supreme courts are usually located in the state capital. is part of the 4th federal circuit court as well.
There are 2,588 residents in Sylva, which is 3.2 square miles and 2,036ft above sea level. It was settled in 1889 and is governed by a local government.