The county of Gallatin is located in Illinois and was founded in 1812. There are 5,589 residents in Gallatin who have access to courthouses in Shawneetown. In general, each county has a full set of courts, from traffic court to superior and appellate court; supreme courts are usually located in the state capital. Illinois is part of the 7th federal circuit court as well.
There are 1,239 residents in Shawneetown, which is 0.7 square miles.